Fracture of the clavicle in adults and children:
Fractures of the clavicle are relatively common, accounting for about five percent of all fractures in adults. Most clavicle fractures can be treated without surgery, but certain types of clavicle fractures require surgery to treat them. In the following, we will discuss the risk factors, the cause of clavicle fracture, its symptoms and diagnosis.
Where is the clavicle?
The clavicle is the bone that connects the sternum to the shoulder.
In fact, it is the only bone connection factor of the body and is one of the leverage points of the muscles. Although the injuries of the adjacent tissues in a clavicle fracture are few, but vital elements such as vessels and nerves are located around it.
risk factors :
Teenagers and children are more at risk of clavicle fracture than adults. This risk decreases after the age of 20. Then it increases again in the elderly because they lose bone strength with age.
Common causes of clavicle fracture are:
From what symptoms can we know that we have a broken clavicle?
There are general symptoms of fracture such as pain, swelling, and dysfunction of the organ. The patient holds the broken limb with the other hand and prevents the limb from hanging.
Other symptoms are:
Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and how the injury occurred. She will also examine your shoulder and may ask you to move your arm, hand, and fingers.
Sometimes, because the bone has pressed against the skin, the fracture site is obvious. Depending on the type of fracture, the doctor may want to examine the nerves and blood vessels for damage. The doctor may order an X-ray of the shoulder to check the exact location of the fracture, the amount of displacement of the end of the bone, and other bones for fracture and injury.Sometimes a CT scan may be requested to check the details of the fracture.
What is the treatment for a clavicle fracture?
The treatment of this fracture is usually non-surgical treatment in the form of Latin 8 bandage (Figure-of-eight brace) or shoulder-hanger. About the time of fusion in children is 2-4 weeks and adults 3-6 weeks.
In what cases is there a need for surgery for clavicle fracture?
In some cases, there is a need for surgery and stabilization of the fracture, some of these cases are:
Some of the things you can expect from non-surgical treatment include:
The injured arm will be fixed in place by means of a screw bandage. It is very important to limit your movements until the bone has healed.
The doctor may prescribe medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
The doctor may suggest an ice pack for the first few days for the pain.